Monthly Archives: December 2015

Unrealistic standards of beauty for data in statistics class

When you follow a statistics class, data is perfect and you can apply all kind of fancy algorithms and procedures on it to get to the truth. And sometimes you even have theoretical justifications for them. But the first time you encounter real data, you are shocked: there are holes in the data !


This is what actual data looks like. By Dieter Seeger [CC BY-SA 2.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons

You have missing values encoded by NA in all data. And you can’t just take all the observations that have no NAs, you would end up with nothing. A first step is to exclude variables and observations that have too much missing values. This process is called quality control or QC. Once you gave it this name, it seems difficult to defend less quality control. But we could also call it Throwing Expensive Data Away. It is all a matter of perspective.

Even after you throw away the observations and variables with Continue reading


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